démodé

adjective: old fashioned, out of style, unfashionable [from French, the past participle of démoder "to go out of fashion," from mode "fashion"].

bustle era hairstyles, 1870-1889

second bustle period, 1883-1889

For the first few years, we retain the simple bun at the nape of the neck with bangs. However, in the last few years of the era, as styles shift to the gored skirts and leg-o-mutton sleeves of the 1890's, we see the beginnings of the pompadour, with slightly looser styles and hair arranged on top of the head.

1883

This is a transitional period, as some women retain the bun at the nape of the neck with bangs, and others begin to incorporate french twists and arrangements at the crown of the head. Styles remain relatively simple and close to the head. Bangs are nearly ubiquitous.

Day style: The hair has been waved, parted in the center, and drawn back towards the nape of the neck where it is arranged in a twist that covers the length of the back of the head.

Evening style: Sargent's famous Madame X wears her hair straight and pulled towards the back of the head. She either has a french twist with a large arrangement (looks like some kind of twisted knot) at the crown of the head, or simply an arrangement at the crown.

Evening style: This lady had parted her hair in the center. The sides are arranged in rolls that merge into a bun on the back of the head. Medium-length, straight bangs in front. She wears a flower tucked into one of the side rolls.

Day style: Most of the hair is covered by her hat, but we can see that her hair is curled, pulled back somewhat loosely, and that she has short, curly bangs.

Day style: The hair is waved and pulled to the back of the head where it is arranged in a french twist. Short, curly bangs in front. The french twist is accented with what looks like jewelled combs.

Evening style: The hair has been curled, then pulled back towards the back of the head where it is arranged in some kind of long loop (accented with a pink rose). Short, curly bangs in front.

Day style: This lady has waved her hair, pulled it back smoothly towards the nape of the neck where it is probably arranged in a small bun. Short, curly bangs.

Day (wedding) style: This lady has waved her hair and pulled it back to the nape of her neck, where it is arranged in a small bun. Short, curly bangs.

Day style: This lady possibly has waved her hair. It is parted in the center and pulled back smoothly to the nape of the neck, where it is arranged in some kind of bun (possibly braided). Short bangs.


1884

More movement towards the crown of the head, although styles are still simple.

Evening style: This lady has waved her hair and pulled it to the back/crown of the head, where it is arranged in a french twist. Short, curly bangs in front.

Evening style: The hair appears to be arranged on top of the head, accented with flowers. Short, curly bangs in front.

Day style: A nice front and back view. The hair has been waved, then twisted up to a large bun at the crown of the head. Short, curly bangs.

Evening style: The hair is waved, arranged in some kind of twist on the back of the head and accented with either tiny ringlets or flowers (?). Short, wavy bangs.


1885

More movement towards the crown and now even the top of the head. Styles remain simple.

Day style: A nice example of the mid-1880's day style, where most of the hair is hidden underneath the hat (worn on the top of the head). Short, curly bangs.

Evening style: The hair is parted on the side, and then arranged in a large twist across the crown and back of the head. Short, curly bangs.

Day style: Princess Alexandra was the leading style setter in Britain for years. Her hair typifies the styles popular of the mid- to late-1880's and into the 1890's. Her hair is waved, and arranged into a french twist, with fullness pushed forward at the top of the head. Very short, curly bangs.

Day style: The typical early- to mid-1880's style. The hair is straight, pulled back smoothly, and arranged in a braided bun at the nape of the neck. Short, curly bangs.

Day style: This lady wears her hair straight, with a center part. She has arranged it in some kind of bun at the crown of the head. Very short, wispy, straight bangs.


1886


Day style: Another example of the hair being almost entirely covered by the hat, which is worn on the top of the head.

Day style: The hair is worn straight, parted in the center, and pulled back smoothly to an arrangement at the back of the head. No bangs.

Day style: The hair is worn straight, parted in the center, and pulled back smoothly to an arrangement at the back of the head. No bangs.

Day style: The hair is worn straight, parted on the side, and pulled back into a french twist.


1887

Hair is increasingly arranged on top of the head, with a bit more looseness.

Evening style: Most of the hair is arranged at the top of the head in a loose bun, with short, curly bangs.

Day style: While we can't see specifics, we can see that this woman wears her hair pulled back loosely into an arrangemen at the top of the head. No bangs.

Day style: Most of the hair is arranged under the hat, which sits on top of the head. Medium-length, curly bangs.

Day style: The classic french twist -- the hair is worn straight, pulled back smoothly into a twist up the back of the head, with the arrangement at the crown. Medium-length, straight bangs.

Day style: Edith Wharton wears her hair waved and pulled back into a small arrangement at the nape of the neck. She has very short, curled bangs.

Day style: Princess Helena wears her hair worn close to the head, with an arrangement probably at the nape of the neck. Very short, straight bangs.


1888


Day style: Yet again, most of this lady's hair is covered by her hat, which sits on top of her head. Medium-length, curly bangs.

Evening styles: A front and side view of the french twist. In this case, the hair is waved, twisted up and allowed to "pouf" on top of the head. Medium-length, curly bangs.

Day style: Actress Ellen Terry's hair follows the classic line of the late 1880's. She has waved her hair, and pulled it up to a bun at the crown of the head. Short, curly bangs.

Day style: This woman wears her hair straight, with a center part, and a large-ish bun at the crown of the head.

Evening style: The hair is worn straight and pulled into a braided bun at the crown of the head. Short, straight bangs.

Evening style: The hair is waved and pulled back smoothly into a french twist, with the arrangement at the crown of the head.

Day style: The hair is pulled back smoothly into a large bun at the crown of the head.

Day style: The hair is worn straight and pulled up into a braided bun at the crown of the head.

Day style: Princess Alexandra wears her classic waved french twist, with short, curly bangs.


1889

Hair is firmly esconced on top of the head with a bit more looseness, presaging the small pompadours of the 1890's.

Evening style: The hair is waved and then pulled up relatively loosely into a small bun at the top of the head. Wispy, short, curly bangs.

Day style: Princess Alexandra wears her classic waved french twist, with short, curly bangs.

Evening style: The hair is waved and arranged into a french twist with a bun at the crown of the head. Short, curly bangs.

Day style: A looser interpretation of the french twist. The hair is straight, with short, straight bangs.

Evening style: The hair has been waved and possibly arranged into a french twist, topped with a small tiara or flowers. Short, curly bangs.

Day style: The hair is worn straight and pulled back smoothly into a bun at the crown of the head.


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Last revised February 2, 2003.
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